Acid reflux /indigestion
Acid reflux, also termed gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a condition where the stomach contents (food or liquid) rise up from the stomach into the oesophagus, which is the muscular tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
Heartburn is usually the main symptom; In addition, GERD can result in other problems including troublesome swallowing, a bitter or sour taste in the mouth, regurgitation of food, a cough or wheeze, or a change in your voice.
Symptoms of acid reflux may require further investigations such as endoscopy (passage of a camera into your stomach), barium x-rays or specialized tests to determine the amount or acid coming up into your oesophagus.
Most cases of acid reflux can be managed with lifestyle changes and anti-acid mediation. In severe cases an operation can be performed to surgically tighten the valve between the stomach and oesophagus. This is called a fundoplication.
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